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Full text of "Annual Evaluation Report Fiscal Year 1984"

501-2

B.    Progress and Accomplishments

Addressing the goals and objectives of this program9 the Office of Student
Financial Assistance (OSFA) has accomplished the following during Fiscal
Year 1984:

o The Department established and published new regulations governing the
analysis of need and the calculation of expected family contribution.

o The Department prepared and distributed Pell application forms keyed to
the new regulations so that all relevant information could be provided
with a minimum of difficulty. The Department conducted studies of errors
on applications and developed a set of edit checks to identify items not
likely to lead to inaccurate calculation of awards. The processing con-
tractor handled applications from approximately 5.5 million students in
academic year 1983-84 and produced eligibility reports in an effective and
timely manner. This is an increase of 6.5 percent in applications over
academic year 1982-83, with financially independent student applications
increasing more rapidly than dependent student applications.

o Studies of the application/award procedures were made to determine the
feasibility of increased automation in the Pell system, with the goal of
reducing costs and processing time.

o Low-income students were able to attend college at enrollment rates more
comparable to higher income individuals than in previous years.

C.  Costs, Benefits and Effectiveness

Students Participating: Preliminary program data for the academic year
1983-84 showed that total applications were 5,453,557. Valid applications
were up 5 percent over academic year 1982-83 and eligible applicants were
3,528,467. Full data on recipients and awards are not yet available but
for 1982-83 there were 5,118,553 applicants with 4,685,750 valid applications,
and 3,326,984 qualified applicants (did not exceed the limiting family
contribution). A total of 2,600,733 students received awards amounting to
$2,420,601,000, an average award of $931 (E.I). In academic year 1982-83,
undergraduate enrollment was 10.8 million (E.2), so that 24 percent of all
undergraduates received a Pell grant.

Institutions Participating: The number of institutions participating in the
Pell program continued to increase slightly. Institutions acting as the
disbursing agent (regular disbursement system or RDS) were up from 4,981 in
academic year 1981-82 to 5,036 in 1982-83, and those requesting OSFA to act
as the disbursing agent (alternate disbursement system or ADS) were up
from 800 to 812 in this time span (E.3).!/

Program Effectiveness: Program data do not include the effects of other
forms of financialsupport (except for expected family contribution) and
do not contain racial information. Other sources of data must be used
to evaluate these factors and one such source is the annual survey of fresh-
men of the Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP). Although this
survey covers only freshmen, it is very large (about 300,000 respondents)
and available over a long period of time.   48,659